Fact-Check #2

Image result for cryptosporidium in pools us wikipedia

This article is sourced from Insider, a website that shares news through videos and/or articles. Insider displays a wide variety of news types, ranging from environmental issues to entertainment news. The articles on this site tend to have a sense of legitimacy because of the amount of supporting sources within each article and the credible authors for each article. This specific article speaks about the parasite cryptosporidium and the infection cryptosporidiosis; More specifically, the article claims that crypto-contaminated water is on the rise in U.S. pools and one of the many concerns of this rise is more people being affected with diarrhea. The title of the article gives off a sense of fear that cryptosporidium is very common in the U.S. which triggers the need to look deeper into the matter.  

Image result for cryptosporidium

According to Wikipedia, cryptosporidium is a parasite that survives in a chlorine-based environment. Once it leeches onto a host, it causes respiratory and gastrointestinal illnesses, including diarrhea. Cryptosporidium enters potable waters or recreational waters through poor filtration. Typically, when water filters clean our water, chlorine is used to wipe out most of the bacteria. Given cyptosporidium’s resistance to chlorine, it is hard to filter it out of the water. Wikipedia also mentions that cryptosporidiosis  occurs when one is infected or contaminated by the parasite, which will lead to severe cases of diarrhea. 

Although Wikipedia does not mention the rise in cryptoridium in U.S. pools, the author of this article provides numerous sources throughout her piece in support of this claim.While reading this article, I delved into the sources within the article determining whether or not this claim serves to uphold the sense of concern.  She first refers to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a government website that speaks about different forms of epidemics, their causes, and prevention. This specific reference included an explanation of the parasite and its effects on humans. The article, “Cryptosporidiosis Outbreaks,” mentions that during the years of 2009-2017, there had been an annual 13% rise in this parasite in 40 states and Puerto Rico. The parasite is indeed impacting a great amount of recreational waters in the United States, ultimately impacting a vast amount of the U.S. population. The evidence used within this article helps support the authors claim of the rise in cryptosporidium in our pool waters. The information provided did show recent evidence of annual growth of the parasite in U.S. recreational waters and its impact on humans. The author then refers to another Insider article that speaks about risks in swimming in waters. This was not a strong move to support the authors claim because they are using the same base website to attempt to support their claim. However, that article did have a subsection about cryptosporidium and did have a link embedded within the brief section. The link cited spoke about a cryptosporidium outbreak in Wisconsin in 1993. This information is somewhat outdated, however, it does explain the detrimental effects of cryptosporidium with a historical example in the United States. With this parasite being somewhat of a consistent issue within the U.S., the author referencing the outbreak is trying to convey what can happen if further action is not taken place. Another article, “Half of Americans Use Swimming Pools as Communal Bathtub, Survey Finds,”  was cited and it touched upon the poor sanitation of swimming pools, but failed to mention cryptosporidium which ultimately does not provide support to their claim. 

Image result for cryptosporidium in pools

This article did include factual evidence about cryptosporidium and it did go over how it can be apart of one’s pool. The author claimed that it is growing in the United States recently and that it does cause diarrhea. Through the analysis of the sources within the article, there were facts that supported the claim that this parasite is increasing in the United States currently. It did mention the parasite’s past growth in the United States, helping readers get an idea of how detrimental this situation can get. All-in-all, the author did support their claim with the use of strong, legitimate evidence which contributed to the validity of their claim.

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